October 21, 2020
This year’s wildfire season is record-breaking. In the US, millions of acres of land and property have burned, with tens of thousands of people evacuated. In early October, the California Fire Department reported more than 15,000 firefighters relentlessly working to contain 22 major wildfires throughout the state.
Not only does wildfire season incur death, injury and property and environmental damage, it poses serious health risks, too. Ash, when disturbed, can break into smaller, hard-to-see particles that can easily be inhaled. These particles, particularly at a size known as PM2.5, can trigger asthma or cause secondary ailments in the future. Children, seniors, and those with lung- or heart-related ailments become particularly vulnerable to the damaging relationship between wildfire smoke and air quality.
Whether you’re near the source, or hundreds or even thousands of miles away, wildfire smoke can still affect you and your indoor air quality (IAQ). According to our own data, levels of particulate matter were five times higher than usual during wildfires. CO2 also increased about 300 points, while toxic VOC levels tripled - all of this indoors.
The above graph illustrates the spike in PM2.5 readings on indoor air quality monitors within 30 miles of the SF Bay Area.
This graph illustrates the spike in CO2 readings on and around Sept 9, 2020, the day the sky was orange in SF.
This graph illustrates the increase in TVOCs readings during 'Very Unhealthy' air alert days.
If you live on the West Coast of the United States or other wildfire-prone areas, such as Australia, here are some tips to help you breathe easier during the wildfire season.
It is absolutely dangerous to stay in the vicinity of a raging wildfire. Aside from the dangers of the fire itself, dense wildfire smoke and air quality degraded by ash can trigger serious threats to health. However, if the source of the smoke during wildfire season is far from your home, or if authorities advise or allow you to stay inside, perform these steps to control your IAQ:
Authorities will often inform homeowners when it’s finally safe to return to their homes or begin the cleaning and clearing process. Here’s some advice on how to safely clean up the damage that the wildfire wrought.
Wildfire season can cause terrible disruptions to people's lives. Prepare for wildfire season as much as you can in advance and follow all instructions of your local authorities. If you are more distant from the immediate fire dangers, keep an eye on the impacts of smoky air - particularly on your indoor environment.
Even though wildfires result from natural and human causes we can’t always control, prioritizing your health in these conditions is important. Having knowledge about air quality, indoors and out, is empowering. One step of many to be fully prepared for wildfire smoke is to constantly track and monitor your indoor air quality. When you notice degradation to your indoor air quality, there are fairly easy steps to help you mitigate for better health and safety indoors.
Every year on Thanksgiving we find ourselves in the same pattern: eating much more than we promised we would, then spending the evening fighting the expected wave of fatigue. As we struggle to keep our eyes open, we’re reminded of the common myth that the big meal or turkey dinner is to blame--especially since we’ve been told that turkey contains tryptophan, which is a chemical responsible for making us feel tired.
I have been managing my asthma my entire life. As a child, I spent many nights in the ER. Gasping for air in the middle of the night has become a consistent experience. The most alarming aspect of having an asthma attack is that it can be almost impossible to predict. I’ve learned to anticipate the awful dread that comes over me, while asleep, when I wake up in a panic as my body alerts me to the fact that I must do something because I am not able to inhale enough oxygen.
Have you ever felt tired after what seemed like a full night of sleep? If you’re feeling drowsy throughout the day, you aren’t alone—over ⅓ of Americans feel they aren’t getting the quality of sleep they need. Sleep is so important for our overall mental and physical health, yet so many of us struggle with feeling truly well-rested.